I have lost a dear, dear friend, colleague and brother.
The obituary column states:
‘He was known at home and in the community as a man who loved mercy, sought justice and walked humbly with God. He was with Martin Luther King, Jr. at the “I Have A Dream” speech and the Selma-Montgomery March. He had a passion for bringing people together from all walks of life to make the world a better place.’
I remember him as one who helped me know myself simply by saying, ‘when you are cut, you bleed justice…’
I remember him as one who offered acceptance in Christ however radical my thinking turned.
I remember him as one with whom I confided things I have said to no other living person.
I remember him as one who could hear and bear graciously the accumulated frustration of a lifetime of living among Christians.
I remember him as one who answered complex dilemmas with clear, solid and gracious council.
I remember his ability to bring grace and perspective to salvage seemingly irredeemable situations.
I remember him swaying church bodies with sheer force of mind, knowledge of history and good order, and powers of vision and oration.
I remember the instant flash of his eyes and smile whenever I walked into a peer group meeting, and his arms outstretched to embrace me.
I remember him asking ‘what have you been reading lately,’ and being amazed to learn that he’d been there and suggesting further reading.
I remember his work with Pastors for Peace and his willingness to defy offical policies because they are unjust.
I remember his persistent insistence on justice, and his ability to retain hope for a world of peace and justice even as injustice seemed to prevail.
I remember his willingness to share heartbreak from his own family, and seeing how the loss of a brother shaped and deepened his love of justice.
Although I will miss Bill’s presence and titanic intellect, I find that his perspective and love of justice so informs my own spirit, it is as though he is still here and always will be. Knowing Bill as I have, and sharing our love of justice, I feel that his departure enriches and makes more real to me something that we call, ‘communion of the saints.’
Tuesday of this week, SFL linked to the Bob Jones University public announcement that henceforth, the school would observe Martin Luther King Jr. Day. That was the necessary backdrop for this post.
The same day BJU Blogs posted President Steve Pettit’s announcement, another announcement was made. This one was internal. The difference between the two is telling. I am indebted to What In The World for bringing this to light. But before going there, some general thoughts on BJU’s recent discovery of the suitability of this day for commemoration.
Divining Steve Pettit’s ‘Racial Equality’
What will Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day look like at Bob Jones University?
It it affirming that racially different people face persistent contempt in public life? Will it entail advocacy work? Will BJU put its legal team at the disposal of impoverished Blacks who need legal council? Would it mean raising awareness of civil rights issues in Greenville? Would MLK Day at BJU actually imply any tangible solidarity with Black Americans in their struggle to achieve racial equality? Would BJU students, faculty, staff or Steve Pettit in any way or sense ‘stand with,’ ‘march with,’ ‘speak with’ or an any other way align with American Blacks?
Does Bob Jones University acknowledge and/or address the racilization of life in America? Has the President or board instructed the BJU theological faculty develop a theological basis for integrating American believers into American congregations? Does Bob Jones University remind the many congregations that feed it money and students that as Dr. King said, Sunday morning is America’s most segregated hour? Does BJU in any way encourage the few Greenville congregations it recognizes to join like-minded Black congregations in worship? If congregations hosted such meeting, would BJU students be permitted to attend them? If not, what black churches are BJU students allowed to join?
How many Black/Caucasian couples married on the BJU campus? In all its years of operation, how many a Black speakers have addressed the BJU Bible Conference? When the BJU Presidency was vacant, how many qualified Black candidates were considered? What Black, fundamentalist Christian leader was interviewed for the job?
Coming to It
If Martin Luther King Jr. Day truly had meaning for Bob Jones University or President Steve Pettit, would his announcement not mention that the Black community is in genuine distress? Would it not address..
Not only Black poverty but its causes? Policing practices in black residential areas? The mass incarceration of young black males? The state of public education in black districts? Heavy voter-repression protocol in black districts?
Had Dr. King lived, would BJU students be allowed to march and speak with King on these issues? Would staff and faculty? Would Steve Pettit?
No one can be allowed to make ‘racial harmony and respect’ mean, ‘we’re here to bestow our benediction on Blacks who accept status-quo poverty, mass incarceration, broken schools and communities and more.’
Inside Announcement — What is Said
Inside Announcement — What it Means
Prayer for Racial Harmony
Prayer sessions focus on ‘racial harmony’ for good reasons.
Prayer is invaluable. It is key to Christian living. But prayer has other functions also.
Prayer lets one pretend to be piously engaged while studiously avoiding things that truly need doing. And prayer for ‘racial harmony’ studiously avoids the racial reconciliation that truly needs doing. Why is that?
Racial ‘reconciliation’ means someone needs to confess to wrongdoing in order to fix the relationship. Fundies preach about this all the time. They call it the ‘Gospel.’ But that doesn’t mean they need to believe or practice it where racially-different people are concerned.
What would happen if BJU or Steve Pettit told supporting congregations in the South that they need to practice the Gospel and seek reconciliation?
It’s really important to pray for racial harmony. It’s harmless! It’s safe!
With prayer, service is a great and necessary Christian practice. That’s why I find it humorous and unsettling to read serving ‘in our community … on that day.’ In Christ, we are free to serve. We could live dangerously and tell people that they’re free to serve and to use their freedom.
While service is basic to Christian existence, we speak of a community with stories of life-long, forced and often cruel service to the families of those who are now encouraged to serve them on this day. After all — their ‘economically disadvantaged.’ Of course, that isn’t why they were pressed into slavery. But we’re not going there. It’s racial harmony. Remember?
It all seems a little too patronizing, especially in the absence of real action for social justice.
Meet the CGO
The Center for Global Opportunities is a Bob Jones University project. BJU Director of Missions Mark Vowels has it that Pettit was its impetus.
The center casts for itself the role of promoting a vision for and participation in 21st-century Gospel expansion for students at Bob Jones University in Greenville and to the ends of the world.’ We know this because it say so on the CGO Facebook page. And if you go there, you’ll see that it is all about missions.
Like prayer and service, missions is a vital component of our Christian existence. None of this is in question. Moreover, Bob Jones University is welcome to observe MLK Day in its own, ‘unusual’ ways.
But in the absence of concrete conviction about the issues and struggles associated with the life of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., it is difficult to see how this ‘observance’ fits the spirit of this modern-day martyr.
Dr. King certainly believed in prayer, service and mission. But he was too intelligent and spiritually perceptive NOT to see that what is required runs run far deeper than a day of prayer for harmony and service will address. If I could offer Mr. Petitt any council, it would be for him to ponder well the questions stated above the ‘inside’ announcement.
That’s the rub. Mr. Pettit’s words seem more to feign respect and honor for Dr. King’s labors, than actually to respect and honor them. In the face of the social issues of our time, this just seems sad.
Many people have misunderstood Dr. King. But I do believe that Dr. King understood Jesus. Hopefully, those who misunderstand King will learn to understand the King.
Last week, ‘BJU Blogs‘ reported University President Steve Pettit to have announced that as of January 2017, Bob Jones University will observe Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day each year. Plans are to close the school offices, cancel classes, and to encourage students to participate in Greenville area service opportunities and prayer sessions centered on racial harmony.
Far be it from me, to accuse Bob Jones University of doing a ‘PR’ job to ‘fix’ public perception of the University line on Dr. King. Pettit relates:
“Dr. King accomplished much in his short life here on earth,” said Pettit. “We believe his voice and leadership to nonviolently oppose the wrongs of the day while paving the way for racial equality and harmony should be respected and honored.”
We waited so long … for this?
Tame? That’s downright innocuous. To serve up this just two years shy of a half-century lacks all conviction. Whatever took BJU so long?
Much has and will be said and written about Dr. King. David Stewart [the head-case at the fundie ‘Jesus Is Savior’ website] informs us that King was a false teacher with a Communist agenda who ‘openly incited violence under the banner of “nonviolence.”’ Presenting no evidence, Stewart makes many hysterical assertions about King. But Stewart isn’t alone.
J. Carville and others cite a supposedly sane and decidedly more influential Jerry Falwell who also questions Dr. King’s commitment to non-violence.
In my thankfully brief intersection with fundamentalism, I soon learned that the communist Martin Luther King Jr. line was a recurring motif.
Meeting Daniel K. Williams
Daniel Williams, associate professor of history at the University of West Georgia, unfolds this intriguing story. His perspective helps us assess MLK related hysteria and misgivings, and explains the broader civic/religious connection in fundamentalism. In his book, God’s Own Party, he writes:
‘The contrast between Graham and Falwell’s messages signaled a fault line in conservative Protestantism that would divide mainstream evangelicals from self-identified fundamentalists for the next generation.’
How things went as they did
Williams’ steady hand shows that politics and faith together divided ‘evangelicals’ and the Falwell/Jones/Rice/etc. crowd. The divisions in political life and the faith community were replicated in each other.
Particularly telling is a section, ‘The “Christian Americanism” of Bob Jones Jr.’ In addition to illuminating differences between the Senior and Junior Jones, Williams relates a side of early BJ Jr. which may not be so well known. More than one may guess, Christian fundamentalism was the political engine that powered the US ever more reactionary tendency.
A Case in Point
‘Jones became an ardent crusader against communism and political liberalism…’ Williams wrote. He adds that in Dec. 1950, Jones hosted a convention where many free-world foreign diplomats delivered speeches. Jones gave the keynote address and castigated the Department of State for ‘inexcusable stupidity or vicious betrayal.’ He charged it for throwing China’s democracy forces to ‘the raving wolves of the Kremlin.’
The ‘A-HA’ Moment
Bob Jones Jr. is the articulate and comparatively erudite version of the David Stewarts of the world. But far from rising above Stewart’s level, the rhetoric and perspective of Bob Jones Jr. normalizes Stewart’s hysterics.
Liberals and democratic socialists recognize that the socialist tendencies of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. In that day, anticommunism was treated by many Christian fundamentalists as a necessary adjunct to the gospel. For many fundamentalist leaders, the mass demonstrations were not so much demands for racial equality as a political challenge to capitalist rule.
Over time, King’s socialist tendency was forgotten. To the degree that this is so, he becomes socially tolerable. So Pettit can now say of King:
“We believe his voice and leadership to nonviolently oppose the wrongs of the day while paving the way for racial equality and harmony should be respected and honored.”
I can’t help but think even that milquetoast remark is forthcoming solely because Dr. King’s socialist tendency is largely forgotten, so that he can now be portrayed as someone who should be ‘respected and honored.’
Otherwise, why did we have to wait 48 years — just for this?
Methinks a post on the ‘service opportunities’ and ‘prayer sessions’ centered on racial harmony might be in order…
Likely, readers know that tens of thousands have marched in US cities and on campuses since one of two [in my opinion] totally unworthy candidates was elevated to high office. Some have been associated with lawless acts. This is the stuff which gets reported.
The response to the Portland OR protest apparently included ‘flash-bangs‘ [presumably military issue] grenades and declaration of a state of riot by police [apparently not city council]. Behind this response stand years of military/material and legal preparation to quell protest to the reactionary direction of the very policies represented in this month’s election.
I don’t know the identity of ‘some protesters [who] used rocks and baseball bats to smash the windows of businesses…’ I won’t rule out the possibility that police provocateurs initiated this behavior to manufacture a pretext for shutting down a protest. I simply don’t know.
What Isn’t Reported
Response to current political developments has another side. It is much more prevalent but is far less visible. Acts of vandalism, intimidation and other injurious offenses are not reported by media. Here are the things I heard this weekend from members of my immediate family and friends.
A Muslim woman is told by friends they fear for her wearing her hijab.
Swastikas were painted on the residences of six GLBTs in Raleigh, NC.
A college student seeking a career in refugee/non-profits fears the degree she is seeking may now be worthless.
Gays have been ridiculed on the public transit system in Cleveland, OH.
Last week, a woman who works with refugees [when not caring for her husband with MS] realized she needs to find a new church. Over the weekend, this native born American decided she needs to leave the US.
An eight-year-old refugee was told that he’ll have to return to Ethiopia.
That is what I’ve heard from immediate family and friends. One family. I’ve a daughter who is a chaplain in Chicago with whom I have not spoken in the past week. She may have more delightful and related stories to tell.
I may be wrong, but I believe present protests, attacks on residences, on women, children and other ostracized communities are not part of a ‘settling in’ after a particularly loathsome election. These are portents of things to come. And as political consciousness rises — and it will — the reason for the militarization of police and the virtual immunity of police from prosecution will become undeniably apparent to all except the most politically illiterate and partisan sycophants.
Church and Social Unrest
‘”You shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. “You shall not afflict any widow or orphan. “If you afflict him at all, and if he does cry out to Me, I will surely hear his cry’ [Ex 22:21-23];
Like it or not, the church faces ministry in new societal context. Needed is a strong, principled stand beside the weak and maligned of society against an increasingly lawless and more violent state.
The appointment of the fascist Steve Bannon as a top advisor effectively reiterates Mr. Trump’s intention to imprison and deport millions.
The strong, principled stand for the strangers among us won’t come from the Democratic Party or the ‘liberal’ press. The capitulation of President Obama, Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren, plus anti-Trump editorialists Thomas Friedman, Nicholas Kristof and Paul Krugman all strengthen Trump to proceed with his heinous agenda.
If opposition to racism, chauvinism, privilege, bigotry and misogyny [to name a few identity issues] isn’t equated with opposition to the state, helping undocumented workers may be. And if Newt Gingrich gets his new House Committee on Un-American Activities, those who supported Trump expecting more freedom of religion may find themselves in deep trouble for practicing Ex 22:21.
But my guess is that you may reliable expect our Fundamentalist sects to wave the ‘law-and-order’ banners and to function as apologists of coming repression, however anti-Ex 22:21 and however barbaric it proves to be.
In the mean time, we can all reach out to someone known in our family circle who could use encouragement. Mine can’t be the only family that runs into this stuff.
“I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it. “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.” [Mt 16:18-19].
Good dispensationalists [which Independent Fundamental Baptists are] reliably push kingdom into the future. They are well aware that that any interest in social justice likely means theological and spiritual rot. People who are interested in kingdom eventually question a system which values profit over people and wealth over work. This means they question the Good News of Capitalism and its false promise of infinite growth. So it is for good reason that God’s kingdom has no place in your local IFB sect.
But kingdom was the theological core of Jesus’ preaching. If you push that into the future, wouldn’t that make a markedly different church? That ‘difference’ may be behind yesterday’s cartoon at the Naked Pastor.
My observation suggests that IFB preachers are very clear that kingdom concerns Israel and the future. God brings the kingdom in his own good time. Our concern is with building the church. As you know, that means building the IFB pastor’s fundamentalist empire.
What’s curious is that Jesus appears to have gotten it backwards. Jesus said, ‘I will build my church’ and ‘YOU get the keys of the kingdom.’
See the difference?
We can now dispense with those pesky questions about hungry masses, closed schools and failing communities while our allegedly cash-hungry nation blithely poured nearly 5 trillion into wars over the past 15 years.
Where’s the Freedom?
In his temptation, Jesus refused to align himself with the powers of this age — War, Famine, Pestilence and Death. He formed a kingdom in which we would be freed from the domination of demonic powers. That truly was/is Good News. But it isn’t ‘Good News’ you’ll hear in IFB sects, or in many broadly evangelical congregations for that matter.
The truth is, we’re far better at locking people up than setting them free. And we enlist many ‘present age’ narratives to rationalize it. You can’t help those people. The only thing they understand is force. If we cut them off, they’d learn to fend for themselves and become stronger.
But sometimes, people are better than their theology and better than their stated convictions. Today’s challenge is to tell/find a story of genuine redemption experienced in an IFB setting.
This does not mean substituting one form of death [addiction/slavery/etc.] for another [legalism/hypocrisy/etc.]. It means that despite its theology, some IFB sect somewhere used the keys of God’s kingdom to redeem a situation and set someone free to the praise of God’s glory and grace.